Scientific studies on deer antler velvet

Medical citations and Other References

  1. Wu F, et al Deer antler base as a traditional Chinese medicine: A review of its traditional uses, chemistry and pharmacology . J Ethnopharmacol. (2013)
  2. Johnson CB, et al Comparison of analgesic techniques for antler removal in halothane-anaesthetized red deer (Cervus elaphus): electroencephalographic responses . Vet Anaesth Analg. (2005)
  3. Li C Histogenetic aspects of deer antler development  . Front Biosci (Elite Ed). (2013)
  4. Protein Component Extraction and its Bioactivity Determination of Sika Deer Antler Base
  5. Studies on the Purification and Activities of Polypeptide from Sika Antler Plate
  6. Chemical composition of antlers from wapiti (Cervus elaphus)
  7. Newbrey JW, Banks WJ Ultrastructural changes associated with the mineralization of deer antler cartilage . Am J Anat. (1983)
  8. Conaglen HM, Suttie JM, Conaglen JV Effect of deer velvet on sexual function in men and their partners: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study . Arch Sex Behav. (2003)
  9. Bubenik GA, et al Testosterone and estradiol concentrations in serum, velvet skin, and growing antler bone of male white-tailed deer . J Exp Zool A Comp Exp Biol. (2005)
  10. Study on the purification and activity of antler plate protein
  11. A Systematic Comparative Study of Main Chemical Composition of Northeast Sika Deer (Cervus Nippon Hortulorum) Velvet
  12. Woodbury MR, Caulkett NA, Wilson PR Comparison of lidocaine and compression for velvet antler analgesia in wapiti . Can Vet J. (2002)
  13. Bagonluri MT, et al Analysis of lidocaine and its major metabolite, monoethylglycinexylidide, in elk velvet antler by liquid chromatography with UV detection and confirmation by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry . J Agric Food Chem. (2005)
  14. Kim HS, Lim HK, Park WK Antinarcotic effects of the velvet antler water extract on morphine in mice . J Ethnopharmacol. (1999)
  15. Kim HS, Lim HK Inhibitory effects of velvet antler water extract on morphine-induced conditioned place preference and DA receptor supersensitivity in mice . J Ethnopharmacol. (1999)
  16. Lu LJ, et al Biological effect of velvet antler polypeptides on neural stem cells from embryonic rat brain . Chin Med J (Engl). (2005)
  17. Shao MJ, et al The Effects of Velvet Antler of Deer on Cardiac Functions of Rats with Heart Failure following Myocardial Infarction . Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2012)
  18. Dai TY, et al The Antiinfective Effects of Velvet Antler of Formosan Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor swinhoei) on Staphylococcus aureus-Infected Mice . Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2011)
  19. Suh JS, et al Phagocytic activity of ethyl alcohol fraction of deer antler in murine peritoneal macrophage . Biol Pharm Bull. (1999)
  20. Kim KH, et al Modification of concanavalin A-dependent proliferation by phosphatidylcholines isolated from deer antler, Cervus elaphus . Nutrition. (2004)
  21. Kuo CY, et al Effect of the Velvet Antler of Formosan Sambar Deer (Cervus unicolor swinhoei) on the Prevention of an Allergic Airway Response in Mice . Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2012)
  22. Moreau M, et al Clinical evaluation of a powder of quality elk velvet antler for the treatment of osteoarthrosis in dogs . Can Vet J. (2004)
  23. Allen M, et al A randomized clinical trial of elk velvet antler in rheumatoid arthritis . Biol Res Nurs. (2008)
  24. Allen M, et al Elk velvet antler in rheumatoid arthritis: phase II trial . Biol Res Nurs. (2002)
  25. Gilbey A, Perezgonzalez JD Health benefits of deer and elk velvet antler supplements: a systematic review of randomised controlled studies . N Z Med J. (2012)
  26. Sleivert G, et al The effects of deer antler velvet extract or powder supplementation on aerobic power, erythropoiesis, and muscular strength and endurance characteristics . Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. (2003)
  27. The effects of New Zealand deer antler velvet supplementation on body composition, strength, and maximal aerobic and anaerobic performance
  28. Syrotuik DG, et al Effect of elk velvet antler supplementation on the hormonal response to acute and chronic exercise in male and female rowers . Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. (2005)
  29. Zhou QL, et al Velvet antler polypeptides promoted proliferation of chondrocytes and osteoblast precursors and fracture healing . Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao. (1999)
  30. Hemmings SJ, Song X The effects of elk velvet antler consumption on the rat: development, behavior, toxicity and the activity of liver gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase . Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. (2004)
  31. Sadighi M, et al Effects of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-II on the growth of antler cells in vitro . J Endocrinol. (1994)
  32. Suttie JM, et al Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) antler-stimulating hormone . Endocrinology. (1985)
  33. Bartos L, Schams D, Bubenik GA Testosterone, but not IGF-1, LH, prolactin or cortisol, may serve as antler-stimulating hormone in red deer stags (Cervus elaphus) . Bone. (2009)
  34. Mousley M Diabetes and its effect on wound healing and patient care . Nurs Times. (2003)
  35. Mikler JR, Theoret CL, High JC Effects of topical elk velvet antler on cutaneous wound healing in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats . J Altern Complement Med. (2004)
  36. Zha E, et al Wound healing by a 3.2 kDa recombinant polypeptide from velvet antler of Cervus nippon Temminck . Biotechnol Lett. (2012)
  37. Guan SW, et al A novel polypeptide from Cervus nippon Temminck proliferation of epidermal cells and NIH3T3 cell line . Acta Biochim Pol. (2006)
  38. Zhang H, et al Toxicological evaluation of New Zealand deer velvet powder. Part I: acute and subchronic oral toxicity studies in rats . Food Chem Toxicol. (2000)
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